Some of the first people to judge were Plato and Aristotle.
Plato had an issue with what is real, and what is illusion.
Presentation vs. Representation.
There is a difference between what is occurring in the present moment; the words coming out of ones mouth right now, and the written word, which is a REPRESENTATION of that speech.
Thoughts turn into Speech, which turns into Writing.
Plato also had an issue with the usefulness of art, or ART vs. USE.
WHAT IS THE POINT?
Well, this is something that has never real been answered, because each individual has their own views-
ART AND MEANING ARE SUBJECTIVE.
Plato thought that art at times is merely IMITATION.
And IMITATION is a FALSITY. It is DECEPTION.
Artist are WILLINGLY DECIEVING PEOPLE.
But at the same time, some people want to be decieved.
It is more than an artistic issue, it is a MORAL ISSUE.
Plato did not believe that the IDEAL can be made in this mortal, human world.
It only exists in heaven.
THE IDEAL IS REALITY.
Well, at least to Plato.
We are not the ideal.
Heaven is the ideal.
Thus we are not real, Heaven is.
Plato valued the real ideal of Heaven, thus very few artistic creations were valued by Plato.
Aristotle was a little less narrow in his criticism and approvals.
He attempted to defend ART from Plato's dismissal.
He realized that art is not just "good art" or "bad art"
but art is CRAFT.
Aristotle was the foundation of formalist thought.
Everything is going to be imitated, so the best thing that
art can do is give good examples for the public to imitate.
Art should show good.
Not just random imitation.
Carefully thought out and constructed imitation of human action and experience.